Oil pastels are a popular medium used in art for their vibrant colors and ease of use. Many artists, whether beginners or professionals, enjoy working with oil pastels because they offer a unique texture and can be blended easily. In this article, we will discuss the basics of how to use oil pastels and explore some tips and techniques to help you create beautiful artwork.
To start using oil pastels, you will need a few essential materials - a set of oil pastels, a surface to work on (such as paper or canvas), and a soft cloth or paper towel for blending. It is important to use a sturdy surface that can handle the pressure and the layers of the pastels. You may also want to use a fixative spray to protect your finished artwork.
First, remove the paper wrapping from the oil pastel before using it. This will expose the vibrant colors of the pastel. Begin by applying the colors lightly and gradually build up the layers to add depth and intensity. You can blend the colors together by using your fingers, a soft cloth, or even a paintbrush. This blending technique helps create smooth transitions and gradients.
Experiment with different techniques to achieve different effects. One popular technique is called the "scumbling" technique, where you apply the pastel lightly in a circular motion to create a textured effect. Another technique is called "impasto," where you apply thick layers of pastel for a pronounced and bold texture. Stippling is another technique that involves creating patterns or textures by using small dots or strokes with the pastels.
When using oil pastels, it's important to remember that they are different from regular crayons or chalk pastels. Oil pastels are made from a mixture of pigments, wax, and oil, which gives them their smooth texture and vibrant colors. This also means that they do not dry like other mediums. Therefore, it is advised to be cautious while handling your artwork to avoid smudging and smearing.
When you have finished your artwork, you can use a fixative spray to protect and seal the layers of oil pastel. This will prevent any further smudging or smearing of the colors. Simply hold the spray a few inches away and spray evenly across the whole surface of your artwork.
In conclusion, oil pastels are a versatile and vibrant medium that can be enjoyed by artists of all levels. With a few basic materials and some experimentation, you can create stunning artwork using oil pastels. Remember to start with light layers and blend the colors together for smooth transitions. Explore different techniques and have fun with your artwork.